A gigantic map of all the cool plaques in the world. A project of 99% Invisible.

The Archive War

THE ARCHIVE WAR IN 1839 AUSTIN BECAME THE CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS. THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES-STATE PAPERS AND LAND TITLES-WERE HOUSED ON CONGRESS AVENUE. IN 1842 AFTER MEXICAN ARMIES SEIZED SAN ...

THE ARCHIVE WAR
IN 1839 AUSTIN BECAME THE CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC
OF TEXAS. THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES-STATE PAPERS AND
LAND TITLES-WERE HOUSED ON CONGRESS AVENUE. IN
1842 AFTER MEXICAN ARMIES SEIZED SAN ANTONIO AND
SEEMED LIKELY TO CAPTURE AUSTIN, MANY RESIDENTS FLED
IN WHAT WAS CALLED THE BREAKUP FROM HIS HOME IN
GALVESTON, PRESIDENT SAM HOUSTON ORDERED REMOVAL OF
THE GOVERNMENT PAPERS. A LOCAL ARCHIVE COMMITTEE
RESPONDED BY BURYING THEM. THE PRESIDENT THEN TRIED
UNSUCCESSFULLY TO HAVE CONGRESS CREATE A NEW CAPITAL
NEAR THE COAST. LATER HIS MEN CAME SECRETLY TO HAUL
THE PAPERS TO THE INTERIM CAPITAL, WASHINGTON-ON-THE
BRAZOS LOADING THEM BEFORE DAWN ON DEC.30,1842.
MRS. ANGELINA EBERLY, A NOTED INNKEEPER AND ONE OF
THE FEW WOMEN IN AUSTIN DURING THE BREAKUP, FOUND
THE MEN LOADING THE ARCHIVES IN DARKNESS. RUNNING
TO THE CITY CANNON ON CONGRESS AVENUE AT PECAN (6TH)
STREET SHE FIRED AT THE WAGONS.THE 26 MEN DEPARTED
WITH THE RECORDS. ABOUT 68 CITIZENS RODE AFTER THEM,
HAULING ALONG THE CITY CANNON SOME 20 MILES FROM
AUSTIN THEY RETRIEVED THE ARCHIVES WITHOUT BLOODSHED.
BECAUSE THE ARCHIVES REMAINED HERE, THE PRESIDENT
AND THE CONGRESS RETURNED IN 1845, PRESERVING AUSTIN
AS THE CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC AND (LATER) THE STATE
(1978)

Submitted by Chi C.

Nearby Plaques On Google Maps