Situated on El Camino Real (King's Highway), now LA Hwy 22, during Spanish reign (1783-1810). Site of stockade or small fort. In 1810 revolt against Spain, residents led by William Cooper remained loyal to Spanish authority. However, rebels led by Gen. Philemon Thomas prevailed at Baton Rouge with the help of 44 grenadiers from Springfield under command of Col. John B. Ballinger. They helped capture the Spanish Fort there on Sept. 23, 1810.